Stem Cells are a form of regenerative medicine that helps a patient’s body heal by replacing, repairing, and reconstructing damaged tissues. They do not have any specialized body task but can grow into a required cell.
The specialty of stem cells is that they divide and duplicate themselves and differentiate themselves.
Stem Cell Types:
Stem cells are either applied to the joint during surgery or injected directly into the arthritic joint. Physicians may use medical imaging like ultrasound to ensure they deliver the cells exactly to the damaged site. The cells then help to replace, repair and reconstruct the area.
Autologous-Cells from your body taken from body fat, (adipose tissue), or bone marrow. The number of Stem Cells from your body fat or bone can be age relevant, meaning the younger you are the more Stem Cells there are, the older you are the fewer Stem Cells there are.
In some cases these cells have to be manipulated in such a way that the FDA rules them, (considers them), to be a drug, or in some cases has a rule it to be illegal in the United States.
Allogenic- cells from outside your body. These can be Amniotic/Placental or Umbilical. The best source for Stem Cells is from Wharton’s Jelly from the Umbilical Cord. Wharton’s Jelly contains the highest number of Mesenchymal Stem Cell along with cytokines, growth factors, and proteins.
Wharton’s Jelly is a gelatinous substance in the umbilical cord that provides protection to the arteries and vein within the cord. We at Douglas Primary Care Centers use Stem Cells sourced from Wharton’s Jelly for homologous use.
We also use Placenta based tissue that is processed to preserve the cytokines, growth factors, and proteins needed for successful treatment outcomes.
Who benefits the most with mesenchymal stem cells?
There are no specific guidelines mentioning who can benefit from mesenchymal stem cells. The final decision depends on the patient and doctor, based on the arthritis condition, the patient condition, and if it will be beneficial.
Some evidence points that people suffering from severe arthritis will benefit the most from mesenchymal stem cells. There is also some research proving that younger patients with relatively mild osteoarthritis or cartilage damage also benefit the most.
Then there are some doctors who suggest using stem cells only in healthy patients with relatively little cartilage damage.
Are mesenchymal stem cells safe?
Anyone considering mesenchymal stem cells for arthritis will obviously wonder if it’s safe or not. Douglas Primary Care Centers obtains all our allogenic products from PREDICTIVE BIOTECH. All of Predictive Biotech’s Human Cell and Tissue products are processed from donated human tissue from full-term deliveries.
Comprehensive medical and social histories of the donors are obtained and tissues are procured, processed, and tested in accordance with standards established by FDA requirements to minimize potential risks of disease transmission to recipients.
Infectious disease testing is performed at a certified laboratory in accordance with the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) and 42 CFR part 493.
Since it is a medical procedure, there is a minimal risk of infection, but all patients need to take an aftercare process to prevent complications.
Making the choice
The choice of whether or not mesenchymal stem cells should be used in your case of arthritis depends on your doctor.
Ask your doctor questions like what medical imaging they use to ensure accuracy during a stem cell injection, its potential risks, and complications and how the stem cells will be obtained.
It’s based on your discussions and if and when you get all your doubts cleared that you should decide if you want to try stem cells for your arthritis condition and perhaps get some permanent relief from pain and swelling.